If your cat has a hernia, surgery will likely be required to correct the issue. In today's post, our Tigard vets discuss different types of hernias seen in cats, the surgical process, and the cost of cat hernia surgery.
Hernia is Cats
Cat hernias are uncommon but when they do occur they are generally present when your kitten is born. Although, trauma, injury, internal damage, flawed muscles or weak muscle walls that allow organs and tissue to pass through can also cause hernias.
A hernia is a collection of intestine, fat, or other internal organs that escape through a hole in the abdominal cavity. Excessive bloating, pregnancy, or constipation are all possible causes. A hernia can also occur if the incorrect suture material is used or if suture lines are not properly closed after a spay procedure.
You may have heard that cats will sometimes develop a hernia after being spayed. Too much activity in the early days following the spaying procedure can indeed lead to hernias in some cats, but if you keep your cat indoors and relatively calm for about 14 days following their spay operation, the risk is minimized.
Types of Cat Hernias
There are three main types of hernias seen in cats. They include:
Hiatal hernias are a type of diaphragmatic hernia that occurs when abdominal viscera pushes through the diaphragm. This "sliding hernia" can appear and disappear as a result of a birth defect.
Inguinal hernias are most often an issue for pregnant female cats. If the intestines protrude through the inguinal canal, an inguinal hernia can affect your cat’s groin area.
This type of hernia is usually repairable, but it can become dangerous if the intestines become trapped in the muscle wall. An inguinal hernia in this case can be fatal for your cat if blood flow to the tissue is cut off.
An umbilical hernia in your cat may feel like a soft swelling, bulge, or squishy protrusion beneath the skin. It appears frequently when your cat is meowing, crying, straining, or standing, and is located just under the ribcage on the underside of a cat, near the belly button.
This type of hernia is caused by an opening in the muscle wall that can occur when the umbilical ring does not close properly following birth. The organs can push through the area surrounding the umbilicus.
Umbilical hernias are seen in kittens. These hernias do not pose any serious health risks and are generally painless. Your kitten's umbilical hernia will likely close without treatment by the time your kitten is 3 to 4 months old.
Treatment for Cat Hernias
Your veterinarian may be able to push your kitty's internal organs back through the muscle wall, which may close up and heal after the organs are back in the abdominal cavity where they belong.
Nonetheless, the risk that the hernia will recur is high, so your vet may recommend fixing the muscle wall since even small openings can lead to complications such as strangulation.
If your cat's organs cannot easily be pushed back through the abdominal cavity, if the tear in the muscle wall does not close by itself, or if complications such as blockage, infection or strangulation occur, your cat will need to undergo surgery in order to repair the hernia.
First, your vet will need to complete a blood chemistry test, complete blood count and urinalysis to determine your cat's overall physical health.
As long as the hernia repair is not urgent, any conditions discovered can be treated before surgery. Non-urgent hernias can usually be repaired without anesthesia if your cat has been neutered or spayed.
The night before your cat's hernia surgery, they will need to fast, and fluids will also need to be restricted.
Cat Hernia Surgery Process
Prior to the surgery, your vet will shave and clean the area to be operated on, then use surgical drapes to help ensure the area remains sterile.
Intravenous anesthesia will be used to put your cat into a deep sleep, then a tracheal tube will be inserted to maintain the correct dose of anesthesia with gas.
During the operation, your veterinarian will push the abdominal organs back into the abdominal cavity. Any damaged organs and tissue will be surgically repaired before the gap in the muscle wall is closed.
If the opening in your cat's abdomen is large or some tissue needs to be removed because it has died, your veterinarian may use either artificial surgical mesh or preexisting muscle tissue to close the muscle wall gap. Sutures will then be used to close the incision.
Cat Hernia Surgery Recovery
In order to treat or prevent infection after your cat's hernia surgery, antibiotics may be given beforehand. In order to prevent him or her from licking or biting the sutures or the areas around the incisions, your cat will also need to wear a collar throughout the healing process. It may be necessary to prescribe cage rest and painkillers.
Cats that have had hernia surgery typically will not need to be hospitalized long-term after surgery, as the procedure is usually straightforward. In addition, surgical complications are rare and the hernia may be permanently resolved.
Risk of suture rupturing, infections or hemorrhaging can be minimized with careful monitoring by your vet.
Hernias in cats do not cause many complications and are unlikely to recur if detected and treated early. Early and effective treatment is required to keep your cat healthy.
Determining Cat Hernia Surgery Cost
It's critical to understand that the cost of veterinary care, including surgery, is determined by a variety of factors. The cost of your cat's hernia procedure will vary depending on where you live in the country, the size and general health of your cat, the severity of the hernia, and other factors.
The only way to get an accurate estimate for your cat's hernia surgery is to speak to your vet. At Cascade Veterinary Referral Centerm our emergency veterinarians are always happy to provide clients with a complete breakdown of costs, and to take the time to go over those fees with you.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.